On August 12, the fifth summit of the Caspian countries will be held in the city of Aktau, Kazakhstan. The summit will bring together the heads of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Russia, Iran and Turkmenistan to discuss and sign the Convention on the Legal Status of the Caspian Sea.
“It is noteworthy that the summit will be held on August 12, which was announced at the Caspian summit in Baku on the day of the Caspian. There is a positive symbolism on this date,” Muhit-Ardager Sidiknazarov, Kazakh political analyst said.
“The summit of the Caspian littoral states on August 12 in the Kazakh city of Aktau is of great importance. Unfortunately, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, it was not possible to reach a common agreement on the legal status of the Caspian Sea between the five states. We very much hope that on August 12th we will finally be able to sign the final convention and thus a new page will open in front of all five Caspian states,” Azerbaijani MP Aydin Mirzazade told CBC.
The document, which was developed over the past 20 years, should put an end to the delineation of the water area, military cooperation, the development of biological resources, the bottom and subsoil. The first summit was held in 2002, and the platform for the third summit was the Azerbaijani capital. On November 18, 2010 there was signed in Baku a joint statement of the Presidents and an agreement on cooperation in the field of security in the Caspian Sea. Also the heads of coastal states agreed in Baku on the width of the national zones, which include the water area under the sovereignty of the coastal states. This very issue has been the most difficult for the Caspian talks for a long time.
“The fact that the convention is being adopted after a long period, as I said 30 years, proves that the parties approach to the adoption of a convention with weighted positions, with negotiated moments on borders, security, ecology and the sea bed,” Muhit-Ardager Sidiknazarov added.
Negotiations on determining the legal status of the Caspian Sea began in 1994. In November 1996, an ad hoc working group was established in Ashgabat to draft a convention on the legal status of the Caspian Sea at the level of deputy foreign ministers of the Caspian bordering countries.