In late October 1993, Armenian military units invaded the Zangilan region of Azerbaijan. This fact was reflected in the fourth resolution of the United Nations Security Council 24 years ago. During the occupation of Zangilan, 188 people were killed, and 44 people went missing. About 35,000 people became internally displaced persons. On November 12, members of the UN Security Council voted for the adoption of Resolution 884. The document confirmed the previously passed Resolutions 822, 853 and 874, which also urged to immediately withdraw Armenian troops from the occupied territories of Azerbaijan.
“Armenia became a country that is a trump card played by the leading states in the region. Armenia essentially demonstrates complete unwillingness to implement resolutions of the United Nations Security Council. That is the gist of what is happening with regard to these four resolutions adopted in 1993. Non-compliance with the principles of international law provides the basic conditions for and allows Armenia to behave this way, ignoring these principles, not implementing the resolutions, not taking into account the interests of Azerbaijan and not pulling out of the occupied Azerbaijani territories,” political scientist Fikrat Sadikhov said.
For more than two decades since the emergence of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, Armenia has been trying to maintain the status quo by all means. Every day, Azerbaijan’s Ministry of Defense reports numerous violations of the ceasefire on the Line of Contact between Azerbaijani and Armenian troops. The resolutions of influential international organizations continue to be ignored by the occupying country.
“The Minsk Group co-chairs from the three leading states, who must actually facilitate the implementation of these resolutions, are essentially engaged in fulfilling some scenarios, which are aimed not at the liberation of Azerbaijan’s occupied territories, but at furthering the current status quo in order to control and manage this situation in the South Caucasus region,” Fikrat Sadikhov said.
The OSCE Minsk Group has been seeking ways of resolving the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict for many years. Upon the results of the meeting of the Presidents of Azerbaijan and Armenia in Geneva it initiated, US co-chair Andrew Schofer stated that the parties are ready for constructive work. Work is underway on preparing the agenda of the meeting of the two countries’ foreign ministers. However, Armenia has repeatedly derailed the negotiation process, while Azerbaijan, which supports the peace process on the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, calls on the world community to put pressure on Yerevan.