Complications caused by abnormal heat, which have been observed in recent years, have caused serious concern among many countries. Forest fires in the various regions of the world, including European countries, the rise of air temperatures, climate change, in some cases, put people in a desolate state and cause tragedy. Ecologists explain anthropogenic changes in the main causes of the occurrence of abnormal heat in nature in recent years. At the same time, it is associated with an increase in the volume of gases generated by the heat, which is released into the atmosphere as a result of rapid industrialization in the world. In this regard, the World Metrology Organization has started to work on a number of measures to adapt to climate change. In parallel, it calls on industrial countries to reduce the amount of gasses causing heat effects, and to increase the number of parks.
“Compared with the 1961-90s, we have seen that the number and duration of heatwaves in the last 20-25 years are increasing. What does a heatwave mean? The number of days over 35 degrees Celsius should be more than 5 days. This incident is said to be a heatwave. Over the past 25 years, the number of heatwaves has reached 17. This means that abnormal hot days have increased significantly during the summer,” Umayra Taghiyeva, Representative of Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources said.
At present, many countries in the world have joined the Paris Agreement on Climate Change adopted in 2015. Azerbaijan is one of the countries that joined the agreement. Under the agreement, Azerbaijan voluntarily took an obligation to achieve 35 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. But most countries do not fully comply with the agreement, which hampers positive changes.
Azerbaijan, as well as other countries, is considered to be one of the countries suffering from abnormal heat in the summer. High temperatures, forest fires and human health problems are of great concern for Azerbaijan as well.
“The temperature in the country increased from 0.3 to 1.5 degrees compared to the 1990s. The highest increase was observed in the foothills of the Greater Caucasus. Here the temperature increased by 1,1 and 1,4 degrees. The lowest growth is observed in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic and the Lankaran-Astara zone,” Umayra Taghiyeva added.
According to the results of the investigations, the polluting gases release the rays of the sun from the free space and keep the reflected beams off the ground. That's why our planet is getting warmer. In order to reduce the effects of global warming, the ecologists consider it important to reduce the anthropogenic impact to nature, to use more alternative and renewable energy, and to preserve greenery. Otherwise, the average temperature of the earth will increase by 4-5 degrees.