A settlement to the Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict would be reached if the process is joined by two main forces - the European Union and the Eurasian Economic Union, which is becoming an increasingly political organization today, German political scientist Alexander Rahr concluded in an interview with CBC. In his opinion, jointly these entities could achieve positive results in the resolution of conflicts and ensuring security in the entire OSCE area. For the time being, the analyst commented regarding the current stage of peace talks that there have been many options for solving the problem, but the Armenian side did not accept them. The latest one was the Kazan formula.
Armenia itself had agreed long ago, during the initial negotiations, after resolution of this conflict entered the crucial phase, to hand over the regions around Nagorno-Karabakh that were occupied. And by the way, the Western and world community insists upon this. To my mind, any progress in peace talks between Azerbaijan and Armenia is simply impossible. This should be the main step to be taken by Armenia, German political analyst Alexander Rahr said.
The German political analyst noted that the situation in the zone of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict remains explosive and extremely complicated. In his opinion, other large-scale forces could be drawn to the solution of the problem as well. The higher and wider the platform where the conflict is resolved, the greater are the chances of achieving a result, Alexander Rahr concluded.
We are now talking about a conflict that unfortunately is older than the collapse of the Soviet Union. Many diplomats, who should deal with this conflict today, in the West’s point of view, had not started their careers at that time. Therefore, the conflict is protracted. It is very serious. Therefore, a solution should be found by taking some new steps, such as getting the United Nations more strongly involved, German political analyst Alexander Rahr said.
The political scientist believes that unfortunately, the main problem of the South Caucasus is currently not a priority for Europe and the West. Instead, they are focusing on the Catalonia issue, differences within the European Union and the intricate relations between Europe and the United States.
Speaking about the norms of international law, Alexander Rahr stresses a deadlock in this regard because of the dual interpretation of international law.
Some say that the territorial integrity of a country cannot be changed and it is sacred. If any other country breaks territory away from another state, this is punishable and runs counter to international law, German political analyst Alexander Rahr said.
However, the political analyst underlined, there should be uniform rules for everyone that cannot be interpreted in one’s own way. As long as there is no precise agreement on a common vision of such problems at the highest level of the UN and bipolar viewpoints have not been completely excluded, it will be extremely difficult to achieve solutions to the existing conflicts in the nearest future, Alexander Rahr concluded.