President of the United States Donald Trump announced the recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. Trump also signed a document on moving the American embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.
The relocation of the embassy is one of the main promises of Trump's election campaign. According to representatives of the White House, Trump thus only fixes the reality - Jerusalem, in his opinion, already fulfills the role of the capital of Israel. According to diplomats, the decision concerning Jerusalem does not change U.S. policy toward the borders of Israel. In addition, the status quo remains on the issue of the Temple Mount.
“After more than two decades of waivers, we are no closer to a lasting peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinians. It would be folly to assume that repeating the exact same formula would now produce a different or better result. Therefore, I have determined that it is time to officially recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. While previous presidents have made this a major campaign promise, they failed to deliver. Today, I am delivering. – ‘Long overdue step’ – I’ve judged this course of action to be in the best interests of the United States of America and the pursuit of peace between Israel and the Palestinians,” Trump said.
Trump said that today, Jerusalem is the seat of the modern Israeli government. “It is the home of the Israeli parliament, the Knesset, as well as the Israeli Supreme Court. It is the location of the official residence of the Prime Minister and the President. It is the headquarters of many government ministries,” he added.
“For decades, visiting American presidents, secretaries of state, and military leaders have met their Israeli counterparts in Jerusalem, as I did on my trip to Israel earlier this year. Jerusalem is not just the heart of three great religions, but it is now also the heart of one of the most successful democracies in the world. Over the past seven decades, the Israeli people have built a country where Jews, Muslims, and Christians, and people of all faiths are free to live and worship according to their conscience and according to their beliefs,” Trump added.
The Organization of Islamic Cooperation condemned the U.S. decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, as well as the movement of the American embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, the organization told Trend agency.
"Recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel is directed not only against Muslims and Arabs, but also against the Christian population of Jerusalem," the OIC said. The OIC will hold an emergency meeting of representatives of member countries of the organization on Dec.13.
Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Turkey also warned Trump that his move could seriously complicate the situation in the region and the Muslim world as a whole. The decision of the head of the White House has already caused a lot of protests. World leaders also condemned this decision and called on Trump to reconsider his decision. Azerbaijan, in turn, stands for a peaceful settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. This was stated by the official representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan Hikmat Hajiyev.
The status of Jerusalem is directly linked to the conflict between Israel and the Palestinian autonomy, which is supported by other Arab states and the entire Islamic world. This city, especially its eastern part, is considered sacred for the three religions - Judaism, Islam and Christianity. Israel's right to Jerusalem was not recognized by the international community. All countries, including Israel's closest ally-the United States-have deployed their offices in Tel Aviv.